Choosing kitchen cabinets seems simple at first glance. They are basically wood boxes that hold stuff, so if they look great, it’s a done deal, right? As it turns out, there is much to know about kitchen cabinets, and what you know or don’t can impact the decision-making process, says Kitchens by Premier

Few things are as important in a kitchen as the cabinets. Not only do kitchen cabinets provide necessary storage, but they also contribute heavily to the space’s overall aesthetic. Think of them as the intersection of function and furniture. 

When doing a kitchen renovation or new build, it does not take long to discover that there are many different styles, materials, and configurations to choose from. It can be overwhelming to navigate the world of kitchen cabinets. But fear not! In this article, Kitchens by Premier will cover everything you need to know about kitchen cabinets, from choosing the right type and style for your space to the most popular materials and finishes and everything in between. 

Understanding Your Storage Needs

Kitchen cabinets play a crucial role in creating a functional kitchen space. These essential storage solutions not only provide a designated place for organizing cookware, utensils, and food items but also contribute to the overall aesthetic appeal of the kitchen. Kitchen cabinets ensure that everything is easily accessible and well-organized, allowing for a smooth and efficient cooking experience. From maximizing storage capacity to enhancing the kitchen’s visual appeal, understanding the importance of kitchen cabinets is essential for anyone looking to create a practical and inviting culinary environment.

Assessing kitchen storage requirements is a vital first step before deciding on cabinets. By evaluating and understanding their specific storage needs, individuals can make informed decisions that will optimize their kitchen’s functionality and organization.

Assessing your kitchen storage requirements allows you to determine the amount of storage space necessary to accommodate your belongings. It involves taking stock of the various items that need to be stored in the kitchen, including cookware, utensils, appliances, and food items. This assessment helps in gauging the dimensions of the storage space required.

Identifying the items to be stored is essential for designing cabinets catering to specific needs. Different kitchen items have varying sizes, shapes, and storage requirements. For instance, pots and pans may need more extensive and deeper storage spaces, while smaller utensils may benefit from compartmentalized drawers. Individuals can plan and allocate appropriate storage solutions by identifying the specific items that will be stored.

Next, it is also important to identify special storage needs for larger equipment or bulk products is another crucial consideration. Some kitchens may have larger appliances such as mixers, blenders, or specialty cookware that require dedicated storage spaces. Additionally, individuals who frequently purchase bulk products or prefer stockpiling certain items need to plan for extra storage capacity. By recognizing these unique requirements, individuals can ensure that their cabinets have ample room and suitable configurations to accommodate these items.

Thoroughly assessing storage needs before selecting cabinets allows individuals to avoid common problems such as insufficient space, poor organization, or mismatched storage solutions. This provides a tailored approach to designing the kitchen storage system, optimizing its functionality and efficiency.

Space Planning and Design Considerations

In order to create a well-organized and functional kitchen, it is essential to consider space planning and design aspects when selecting cabinets carefully. By evaluating available space, determining optimal cabinet placement, considering clearance requirements, incorporating special spaces, and maximizing storage capacity through efficient design solutions, individuals can create a kitchen that looks great and meets their practical needs.

Determine Available Space

Evaluating available space for cabinets is the first step in the planning process. Measuring the kitchen’s dimensions accurately is essential, considering walls, windows, doors, and other architectural features. By understanding the available space, individuals can determine the size and configuration of cabinets that best fit the kitchen layout.

Decide on Placement

Determining optimal cabinet placement involves thoughtful consideration of workflow and accessibility. It is crucial to analyze how the kitchen will be used and identify areas that require easy access. Placing cabinets in proximity to key work zones, such as the cooking area, sink, and food preparation space, can enhance efficiency. Additionally, considering the natural flow of movement in the kitchen can help determine the most convenient cabinet placement.

Consider Clearance

Considering clearance between countertops and cabinets is essential for a seamless and comfortable kitchen experience. Adequate space between the countertops and the lower cabinets allows easy maneuvering, especially when working with larger cookware or appliances. It is recommended to have a clearance of at least 15-18 inches between the countertop and the lower cabinets to ensure comfortable usage.

Remember Custom Spaces

Incorporating special spaces for larger equipment or appliances is crucial for creating a functional kitchen. Suppose individuals have specific appliances or equipment that require dedicated storage space, such as a built-in microwave or a stand mixer. In that case, it is crucial to plan for these specialized areas. This ensures these oversized items are easily accessible and efficiently stored without sacrificing valuable countertop or cabinet space.

Design for Efficiency

Maximizing storage capacity with efficient design solutions is a key consideration when selecting cabinets. Utilizing every inch of available space is crucial in optimizing storage. This can be achieved by incorporating features such as adjustable shelves, pull-out drawers, trays, dividers, and organizers. These elements not only provide convenient storage solutions but also help in keeping the kitchen organized and clutter-free.

Tips for Space Planning and Design

  1. Consider the “work triangle”: Arrange the refrigerator, sink, and cooking area in a triangular formation for efficient workflow.
  2. Utilize vertical space: Install cabinets that reach the ceiling to maximize storage capacity and avoid wasted space.
  3. Consider open shelving: Incorporating open shelves can add a decorative touch to the kitchen while providing easy access to frequently used items.
  4. Light up the cabinets: Install lighting inside cabinets to enhance visibility and make it easier to find items.
  5. Opt for deep drawers: Deep drawers are excellent for storing pots, pans, and larger kitchen utensils, providing easy access and organization.
  6. Use corner spaces wisely: Corner cabinets, such as Lazy Susans or pull-out shelves, can effectively utilize otherwise inaccessible areas.
  7. Consider custom solutions: Custom cabinets allow for tailored storage solutions that perfectly match individual needs and kitchen specifications.

Choosing the Right Cabinet Type

When selecting kitchen cabinets, various types are available to suit different needs and preferences. Understanding each cabinet type’s characteristics, pros, and cons is crucial in making an informed decision that aligns with your specific storage requirements.

Stock Cabinets

Stock cabinets are pre-manufactured cabinets that are mass-produced and readily available in standard sizes. They are typically sold in home improvement stores or through online retailers. These cabinets come in limited styles, finishes, and configurations.


  • Affordability: Stock cabinets are generally more cost-effective compared to other cabinet types, making them suitable for those on a budget.
  • Quick Delivery: Since they are pre-made, stock cabinets are readily available for immediate purchase and delivery.
  • Wide Selection: Despite limited customization options, stock cabinets often offer a variety of styles, finishes, and colors to choose from.


  • Limited Sizes: Stock cabinets are available in standard sizes, which may not be an ideal fit for kitchens with unique dimensions or layouts.
  • Lack of Customization: These cabinets offer limited options for customization, restricting flexibility in meeting specific storage needs.
  • Lower-Quality Materials: Due to cost considerations, stock cabinets may be constructed from lower-quality materials compared to higher-end options.

Semi-Custom Cabinets

Semi-custom cabinets offer a middle ground between stock and fully custom cabinets. They are pre-built like stock cabinets but allow for a certain level of customization. With semi-custom cabinets, homeowners can choose from various options to tailor the cabinets to their preferences.


  • Increased Customization: Semi-custom cabinets offer more options for customization compared to stock cabinets. Homeowners can choose from a variety of finishes, materials, hardware, and additional features to match their storage needs.
  • Fit for Non-Standard Spaces: These cabinets can be adapted to fit kitchens with non-standard dimensions or layouts, allowing for a more tailored fit.
  • Higher-Quality Construction: Semi-custom cabinets generally utilize better-quality materials and construction techniques compared to stock cabinets.


  • Higher Cost: Semi-custom cabinets are more expensive than stock cabinets due to the additional customization options available.
  • Longer Lead Time: As customization is involved, the manufacturing process for semi-custom cabinets typically takes longer than stock cabinets, which can result in a longer delivery time.

Ultimately, the choice between stock cabinets and semi-custom cabinets depends on your priorities, budget, and the level of customization you desire. Considering available space, desired aesthetics, and functional requirements will help you make an informed decision that aligns with your storage needs and kitchen design.

Custom Cabinets

Custom cabinets are made-to-order cabinets specifically designed and built to meet an individual’s unique kitchen space requirements. These cabinets offer the highest level of customization and are crafted by skilled artisans or cabinet makers. They are built from scratch, allowing precise tailoring to fit any kitchen layout.

Pros in Relation to Storage Needs

  • Optimal Use of Space: Custom cabinets maximize storage capacity by utilizing every inch of available space. They can be designed to fit seamlessly into corners, awkward angles, or non-standard dimensions, ensuring no wasted space.
  • Tailored to Specific Needs: With custom cabinets, homeowners have the freedom to design storage solutions that perfectly cater to their unique needs. The possibilities are endless, whether it’s creating specialized compartments for utensils, incorporating pull-out shelves for easy access, or integrating built-in spice racks.
  • Personalized Aesthetics: Custom cabinets allow complete control over the design, materials, finishes, and hardware. Homeowners can select the exact style, color, and detailing to match their desired aesthetic and create a truly personalized kitchen space.

Benefits of Choosing Custom Cabinets 

  • Enhanced Functionality: Custom cabinets offer unmatched functionality, allowing homeowners to design storage solutions that perfectly align with their specific needs. Whether it’s accommodating larger appliances, creating space for bulk storage, or organizing specialized kitchen tools, custom cabinets provide the flexibility to address unique storage requirements.
  • Optimized Organization: Custom cabinets enable homeowners to create a highly organized kitchen. From adjustable shelves to customized dividers and organizers, these cabinets ensure everything has its designated place, making it easier to locate and access items efficiently.
  • Long-Term Investment: Custom cabinets are typically built using high-quality materials and craftsmanship, ensuring durability and longevity. Investing in custom cabinets can add value to the home and withstand the test of time, making it a worthwhile investment for homeowners.
  • Unique and Personalized Design: Custom cabinets allow the creation of a kitchen that reflects individual styles and preferences. Homeowners can work closely with cabinet makers or designers to bring their vision to life, resulting in a one-of-a-kind kitchen that is tailored to their taste and lifestyle.

Choosing custom cabinets provides the ultimate level of customization, allowing homeowners to design a kitchen that perfectly suits their storage needs and personal style. While they tend to come at a higher cost compared to stock or semi-custom cabinets, the benefits and long-term value they offer often outweigh the investment. Custom cabinets provide an opportunity to create a truly functional and visually stunning kitchen space that enhances daily living and adds value to the home.

Selecting the Appropriate Cabinet Materials

When choosing kitchen cabinets, selecting a suitable material is crucial for durability and aesthetic appeal. Different materials offer unique characteristics and have their own advantages and disadvantages. This section explores three common cabinet materials: wood, laminate, and thermofoil, discussing their types, pros, and cons with durability.

Wood Cabinets

Wood cabinets are popular due to their natural beauty and timeless appeal. Several types of wood are commonly used for cabinets, including oak, maple, cherry, birch, and pine. Each wood species has its distinct characteristics, such as grain patterns, color variations, and hardness levels, which contribute to the overall look and feel of the cabinets.


  • Sturdiness: Wood cabinets are known for their durability and strength, especially when made from hardwoods like oak or maple. They can withstand daily wear and tear, making them suitable for busy kitchens.
  • Longevity: Properly cared for, wood cabinets have a long lifespan, providing years of use and retaining their beauty over time.
  • Natural Beauty: The natural grain patterns and rich colors of wood cabinets add warmth and character to the kitchen, creating a timeless aesthetic.


  • Susceptible to Moisture: Wood is sensitive to changes in humidity and can be prone to warping or cracking when exposed to excessive moisture. Proper sealing and maintenance are necessary to protect wood cabinets in high-moisture areas like the kitchen.
  • Higher Cost: Wood cabinets are generally more expensive compared to other materials due to their quality, durability, and aesthetic appeal.
  • Variability: Since wood is a natural material, there can be variations in color and grain patterns, which may not be preferred by individuals seeking a uniform look.

Laminate Cabinets

Laminate cabinets are made of a synthetic material known as laminate, consisting of resin-infused paper layers. The surface is then bonded to a substrate, typically medium-density fiberboard (MDF) or particleboard. Laminate cabinets come in a wide range of colors, patterns, and finishes, including options that mimic the appearance of wood or other materials.


  • Affordability: Laminate cabinets are generally more budget-friendly compared to wood or other materials, making them a cost-effective option.
  • Easy Maintenance: Laminate surfaces are easy to clean and resistant to stains and discoloration. They are also less prone to damage from moisture or humidity.
  • Wide Variety of Styles: Laminate cabinets offer a broad range of design options, including solid colors, patterns, and textures, allowing for versatility in kitchen aesthetics.


  • Less Resistant to Scratches and Heat: While laminate cabinets are generally durable, they are more susceptible to scratches and damage from high heat. Using cutting boards and hot pads is recommended to protect the surface.
  • Limited Repairability: In the event of significant damage, repairing laminate cabinets can be challenging. Replacement may be necessary, as repairs can be noticeable due to the inability to match the original finish seamlessly.

Thermofoil Cabinets

Thermofoil cabinets are constructed using a process in which a layer of vinyl is heated and molded onto a medium-density fiberboard (MDF) or particleboard substrate. The resulting surface is smooth, seamless, and available in a variety of colors and finishes. Thermofoil cabinets are known for their sleek and contemporary appearance.


  • Moisture Resistance: Thermofoil cabinets are highly moisture-resistant and are less likely to warp or crack, making them suitable for kitchens.
  • Easy Maintenance: Thermofoil cabinets are easy to clean and maintain. The non-porous surface resists stains, making them ideal for busy kitchens.
  • Cost-Effective: Thermofoil cabinets are often more affordable than solid wood or custom options, offering a cost-effective solution for those on a budget.


  • Susceptible to Heat Damage: Thermofoil cabinets are sensitive to high heat. Direct contact with hot pans or appliances can cause the vinyl layer to melt or peel.
  • Limited Repairability: In the event of damage, thermofoil cabinets are challenging to repair. Replacement may be necessary to restore the cabinet’s appearance.
  • Potential for Delamination: In certain circumstances, the adhesion between the thermofoil and the substrate can weaken, leading to delamination and compromising the cabinet’s structural integrity.

When selecting the appropriate cabinet material, it’s essential to consider your specific needs, lifestyle, and budget. Wood cabinets provide a timeless and luxurious look, but they require proper maintenance to withstand moisture. Laminate cabinets offer a cost-effective and low-maintenance option, while thermofoil cabinets are known for their moisture resistance and affordability. Assessing your kitchen’s environment, usage, and desired aesthetic will help determine the best material for your cabinets.

It’s worth noting that combining different materials can also be an option. For instance, using wood for cabinet doors and laminate for cabinet interiors can provide a balance between durability, aesthetics, and cost-effectiveness.

Customization Options for Enhanced Storage

Customization options for kitchen cabinets can greatly enhance storage functionality. Here are some popular choices:

  • Adjustable Shelving: Adjustable shelves allow for flexibility in storing items of various sizes, maximizing vertical space utilization.
  • Pull-Out Drawers and Trays: Pull-out drawers and trays provide easy access to items, making it convenient to retrieve and organize them efficiently.
  • Lazy Susans and Corner Solutions: Lazy Susans and corner solutions optimize corner spaces, ensuring efficient storage and easy access.
  • Dividers and Organizers: Dividers and organizers help compartmentalize cabinets, keeping items separate and easily reachable.
  • Specialty Storage Solutions: Specialty storage solutions, such as spice racks, knife blocks, and tray dividers, cater to specific items or utensils, promoting organization and convenience.

By incorporating these customization options, homeowners can maximize storage capacity, improve organization, and create a more functional kitchen space. Considering individual storage needs and consulting with professionals can help determine the best customization choices for your kitchen cabinets.

Considering Aesthetics and Design

Cabinet Styles

  1. Traditional: Traditional cabinets feature intricate detailing, decorative moldings, and ornate designs, exuding a timeless and classic look.
  2. Contemporary: Contemporary cabinets showcase clean lines, minimalist designs, and a sleek appearance, perfect for modern and streamlined kitchen aesthetics.
  3. Transitional: Transitional cabinets blend elements of both traditional and contemporary styles, offering a versatile and balanced design that suits various kitchen themes.

Cabinet Door Styles

  1. Raised Panel: Raised panel doors have a center panel that is slightly elevated, adding depth and dimension to the cabinet fronts.
  2. Flat Panel: Flat panel doors feature a smooth and flat surface, creating a clean, understated look that complements contemporary and minimalist designs.
  3. Slab: Slab doors have a flat, solid panel with no frames or embellishments, offering a sleek and modern appearance.

Hardware Options

  1. Knobs: Knobs are small, round fixtures attached to the cabinet doors and drawers, providing a classic and versatile hardware option.
  2. Handles: Handles are long and horizontal fixtures that offer a comfortable grip and can be found in various shapes and finishes, adding a contemporary touch to the cabinets.
  3. Pulls: Pulls are elongated fixtures that span the length of the cabinet doors or drawers, offering a sleek and streamlined look while providing ease of use.

Considering the aesthetics and design of kitchen cabinets is essential to create a cohesive and visually appealing space. Cabinet styles, door styles, and hardware options should be chosen carefully to align with the kitchen’s overall theme and desired ambiance. Exploring different styles and consulting with design professionals can help homeowners make informed decisions and achieve a kitchen that reflects their personal style and enhances the overall aesthetics of their home.

Rochester, NY, Kitchen Cabinets

Kitchen cabinets are an important part of creating a personalized kitchen space. When considering custom kitchen cabinets, it is vital to work with trusted professionals. Locally owned and operated, Kitchens by Premier has over 35 years of dedicated experience serving clients’ needs in Rochester and surrounding communities. For more information about its services, products, and showroom, the company can be reached at (585) 638-3038.

Kitchens By Premier


ROCHESTER NY 14624-6207


  • Dean

    Dean Pelletier, the owner of KBP, has been a leading figure in the Kitchen and Bathroom Remodeling industry for three decades. He values his team's inclusiveness and quick decision-making, which ultimately benefits customers. Dean distinguishes himself with his 'Team Premier' approach, which prioritizes customer satisfaction by blending traditional values with innovative ideas. His strong vendor relationships, some spanning over 30 years, ensure excellent pricing and service. For homeowners, Dean emphasizes comfort and provides detailed information, supported by a highly experienced design team. In his spare time, he enjoys writing informative blogs to help homeowners make their cabinet installation process smooth.

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